Cairo Travel Guide
The Egyptian capital, which did not exceed 3 million in 1952, became, with its agglomeration more than 12 million people , one of the largest contemporary megalopolis. Over 60 km, between large factories of Helwan (steel and cement) and the airport International Heliopolis, continues the same hectic activity, both producing and consuming wealth insatiable.
It is the most important city of Africa and the Arabian world. Cairo is the seat of the government and the diplomatic representation. All cultures are represented in Cairo. It has about 400 mosques. Cairo is an important commercial center. Cairo is also an administrative and intellectual center. Cairo, and the area around it are considered to be the heart of Egypt, and one may find almost every aspect of Egypt represented in the area, including some of the most famous Pharaonic, ancient Christian and Islamic monuments. Cairo offers an incredible selection of shopping, leisure, culture and nightlife
The Eyptian museum: Founded in 1857 by Auguste Mariette, the richest museum in the world of Egyptian antiquities: rooms large sarcophagi, monumental granite columns, steles pink quartzite and Sphinx statue from Deir El-Bahari collections of statuettes and jewelry, funerary furniture and especially the magnificent treasure of Tut-Ankh - Amon.
The Pyramids: The most famous is the necropolis of Giza, about fifteen kilometers from Cairo. Consisting of three pyramids: Cheops, Chefren and Menkaure. Forty centuries of existence erected at the door of the desert. Cheops, the most impressive, a 137 meters high.
Saqqara: The necropolis of Saqqara, 35 km from Cairo, is the largest in Egypt and one that historically covered the longest period. You can see the Step Pyramid, tomb of King Djoser and members of his family.
Sphinx: Lion head man incarnating the god or king under an aspect avenger. Protector, it is found in alignments monumental entrance to the temple to protect access. The most famous is that of Giza, carved into the rock face towards the east, 350 meters from the Pyramid of Chefren.
Khan el Khalil: the great souk of Cairo, is known worldwide. In the heart of Islamic Cairo, it is bounded on the south by al-Azhar mosque and with that of Al-Hussein and north by the Al-Hakim (1010), between two doors Bab Al-Futuh (door conquest) and Bab An-Nasr (Victory Gate) in the enclosure built in 1087 to defend the Fatimid city of Al-Qahira
Citadel: a balcony overlooking the city of Cairo. In the foreground of the skyline will place two religious buildings almost similar and symmetrical built one in front of another. A pair of mosques, which differs from their counterparts by quite dizzying height of their walls
Sultan Hassan mosque: The most beautiful masterpiece of Arabian architecture completed in 1362 under the reign of Sultan Hassan. A huge minaret three galleries of 86 meters in height stets at the southwest corner. This is the highest in Cairo
Old Cairo: This district is older than the Cairo city itself: it must be seen to have an idea of the atmosphere in which the early Christians lived in Egypt. Coptic churches, Coptic museum, church of St. Serge